Matteo Miccini was born in Florence, Italy. He received his initial ballet education at the Ballet Centre Florence. In 2010 he continued his education at the John Cranko Schule, from which he graduated in 2015. During his education he won prizes at different competitions such as the Premio Internazionale Cartagine 2010, the first prize at the Anna Pavlova Competition, the first prize at the Eurocity and the second prize at the Tanzolymp Berlin.
In October 2018 Matteo Miccini was awarded with the prize “Premio danza per la vita” during the benefit gala of the ANT Foundation in Florence. In the category “Best Italian Dancer abroad” he won the prize „Premio Internazionale ApuliArte 2019“ (March 2019) as well as the „Premio MADSS” in Salerno (November 2019). In January 2020 he won the „Premio Danza&Danza” as “best Italian interpreter abroad”. In October 2020 he won the award for “Emerging Italian Dancer on the International Dance Scene” at the “Premio nazionale per la danza” in Padova, Italy. In the 2020 Critics' Choice of the magazine Dance Europe he was named in the category "Name to watch". In August 2022 he was awarded the “Premio Positano Léonide Massine”. In August 2023 he was awarded the "Premio Volterra Danza 23".
In the 2015/16 season he became an apprentice with the Stuttgart Ballet; one season later he was taken in the Corps de ballet. At the beginning of the 2020/21 season he was promoted to Demi Soloist, 2022/23 to Soloist.